Kok Keng Grey.JPG

Lau Kok Keng

Head, Intellectual Property, Sports and Gaming
Partner, Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP

Practice Area:

Intellectual Property
Entertainment & Media

LLB (Hons), National University of Singapore
Advocate & Solicitor, Singapore

T +65 6232 0765
E kok.keng.lau@rajahtann.com

Lau Kok Keng has been in practice in Singapore since 1990. His main practice areas are Intellectual Property, IT & Media law. Within these areas, he handles both contentious and non-contentious work.

Kok Keng is recognised as a leading lawyer in his fields by publications such as Chambers Asia Pacific, Asian Legal Business Asia's Who's Who, The Legal 500 Asia Pacific, Asialaw Profiles Leading Lawyers, Who's Who Legal Singapore, The Best Lawyers in Singapore, and Managing Intellectual Property. In addition, Kok Keng has consistently been featured in The International Who's Who of Internet, e-Commerce & Data Protection Lawyers, The International Who's Who of Sports & Entertainment Lawyers, The International Who's Who of Information Technology Lawyers, The Legal 500 Asia Pacific and Who's Who Legal: Telecommunications, Media & Technology and Data, placing him amongst the world's pre-eminent lawyers in these respective fields. Kok Keng is also currently a member of the Singapore Copyright Tribunal and serves as an IP Arbitrator with the Singapore International Arbitration Centre.

Kok Keng undertakes a broad range of contentious, advisory and transactional Intellectual Property work.  Some of his more recent IP cases include succeeding before the Court of Appeal on a landmark cae involving the jurisdiction of the High Court to revoke patents, acting for a developer of a popular mobile game in defending against a suit brought by a rival game developer claiming copyright ownership in game concepts, representing a solar energy provider in a patent infringement suit, advising a franchisee of an American coffee company on its brand promotional activities with a multinational bank, advising a major tobacco company in its submissions to the Singapore health authorities on the effect of proposed plain packaging laws on the rights of trade mark proprietors, assisting an international sports federation in taking enforcement action against ambush marketing activities in relation to the world's most-watched international sports event, and advising a pay-TV operator on piracy issues arising from the use of illegal android boxes.


Kok Keng's intellectual property and technology clients include technology companies, television broadcasters, cable operators, copyright licensing organisations, copyright licensees, major software and hardware manufacturers, computer gaming companies, internet service providers, sports organizations, terrestrial and online gaming operators, movie production houses, inventors, authors, publishers and tertiary educational institutions.

Notable Cases & Transactions
Intellectual Property

Some of Kok Keng's other more notable Intellectual Property cases and transactions include the following:

  • Advising FIFA on brand protection matters relating to the World Cup 2018 in Russia.
  • Advising a consortium partner on a dispute arising from the provision of IT software, maintenance and consultancy services to a statutory board.
  • Advised the governing body for sports in Singapore on various trade mark and copyright issues relating to the 28th South East Asian Games and ASEAN Para Games 2015.
  • Advised a leading, pan-Asian, industrial agri-food company on patent issues arising from the testing of cows for the A2 beta-casein protein.
  • Acted for a lottery operator against various operators & hosts of websites for trade mark infringement and domain name disputes.
  • Represented a Japanese manufacturer of container securing systems in a patent infringement suit.
  • Advised an internet payment service provider on whether a proposed back-end process would infringe a Singapore patent.
  • Advised a US company in the field of marine telecommunication technology on a patent infringement case.
  • Advised an international software company in its defence against a claim for alleged copyright infringement in relation to the content on one of its websites accessible in Singapore.
  • Advised a Hong Kong company which holds the commercial rights in a famous cartoon character on its claim for trade mark and copyright infringement and passing off against an importer in Singapore.
  • Acted for a University in taking enforcement action against a merchandise supplier who had set up a Facebook account that passed itself off as an official Facebook account of the University's Alumni Group and which offered for sale merchandise which used the University's name, trade marks and logos.
  • Represented a Singapore government linked company in arbitration proceedings against a US company over disputed ownership of intellectual property rights in research and development.
  • Represented the salvors of artefacts from the RMS Titanic in a trade dress and copyright infringement claim against a Singapore events and exhibitions company.
  • Represented a commercial kitchen equipment supplier in a dispute with its ex-employees over copyright infringement and unauthorised use of proprietary information.
  • Represented an international event management company in a claim against a licensee for unpaid royalties.
  • Advised a royalties collection society in relation to public performance of movies.
  • Conducted training courses on intellectual property law and contract law for the operator of performing arts centre.
  • Advised a Japanese hair saloon chain in a claim against a Singapore haircutting saloon in a potential claim for passing off and copyright infringement.
  • Advised a pay-TV operator on copyright piracy issues arising from the use of illegal set top boxes.
  • Advised a Hong Kong confectionery in a potential claim against a Singapore supplier of mooncakes for trade mark infringement and passing off.
  • Advised a Singapore government linked company on infringement of its patent relating to thermal scanners.
  • Represented a British media company in a dispute with a Singapore company over copyright issues relating to the provision of an internet recording service.
  • Represented a trade mark agent in a Google Adwords dispute with a former employer.
  • Represented various Japanese rights owners and licensees in pursuing enforcement actions against downloaders of anime movies.
  • Represented various individuals in defending against claims brought by a Hollywood movie producer for downloading of its movie.
  • Represented an owner of rights in online street maps in enforcing claims for unauthorized use of its maps.
  • Advised a Singapore broadcaster in a dispute relating to unauthorized access to sports broadcasts.
  • Advised a US computer gaming company in a licensing dispute with a Chinese game distributor.
  • Represented a Japanese manufacturer of lashing equipment in a patent infringement suit against a German company.
  • Represented a Japanese computer game producer in relation to its anti-counterfeiting programs and commercial licensing matters.
  • Represented a US software multinational in relation to anti-counterfeiting programs and commercial licensing disputes.
  • Represented a regional law association in relation to the use of a confusingly similar trade mark by a law firm.
  • Represented a Japanese semiconductor manufacturer in an arbitration against a Korean multinational electronics company in a dispute over a patent licence.
  • Represented a Malaysian semiconductor company in a claim for breach of confidentiality against a Singapore competitor company.
  • Represented a Chinese multinational computer giant in a patent infringement litigation with an American inventor.
  • Represented the world governing body for football in enforcement action against parties engaged in unauthorized association and ambush marketing activities in relation to the World Cup tournament.
  • Represented a government linked company in a claim for patent rights against another government agency.
  • Advised a broadcaster on clearance of IP rights for simulcasting television programmes.
  • Advised various parties including a local tertiary institution and a Japanese electronics company on various research collaboration agreements.
  • Advised a statutory board in relation to an Intellectual Property audit and the structuring of an effective IP protection programme for its marine hatchery operations.
  • Advised an IT start-up in relation to IP audit on its technology and know-how.
  • Advised various clients on matters relating to software and business model patents, including the patenting of RFID technology and processing of insurance related information and processes.
  • Advised a publishing house in relation to copyright infringing educational multimedia software products.
  • Advised an inventor of a sound enhancing process on the valuation of the invention.
  • Advised manufacturer of electrical components in relation to design and patent infringing electrical adaptors.
  • Advised an oil rig company on patent infringement of its deep sea drilling method and apparatus.
  • Advised an auto-gate supplier of design infringement of auto-gate mechanism.
  • Advised a supplier of printer cartridges on a claim for infringement of a printer cartridge mechanism patent.
  • Advised a semiconductor company on infringement of its optical inspection apparatus patents.
  • Advised various clients on music licensing for their audio visual productions and performances.
  • Advised an internet radio broadcaster in relation to a claim of copyright infringement through reception in multiple jurisdictions of satellite signals uplinked from Singapore.
  • Advised a government linked company and a public library in relation to infringement of patent for electronic library monitoring system.
  • Advised an inventor in relation to infringement of patent for air culture system for the growth of plants in a controlled environment.
  • Advised a CD manufacturer on infringement of their trade mark by a record company.
  • Advised a share investment portal on potential copyright infringement in hosting of media articles.
  • Advised a chain of bookstores on infringing use of business name by rival book company.
  • Advised a multinational hotel operator on infringing use of business names by various local entities.
  • Advised a toy distributor on copyright and design infringing toys.
  • Advised various clients on the filing of trademark applications under the Madrid Protocol for international registration of trade marks.
  • Advised various clients on trade mark opposition matters, including acting for a telecommunications service provider in opposition proceedings involving the '.SG' trade mark application filed by SGNIC.
  • Advised various clients on filing of patent applications under the Patent Co-operation Treaty in relation to international and national phase filings.
  • Advised various clients on the licensing of trademarks, business names and technology rights.
  • Advised a major hardware multinational company on breach of confidential information by employees.
  • Advised various clients on issues relating to corporate espionage and misappropriation of trade secrets.
  • Advised a tertiary educational institution on issues of royalty payments to copyright owners for reproduction of literary works for educational purposes.
  • Advised a tertiary educational institution on its copyright use policies.
  • Advised a CD manufacturer on issue of royalty payments to proprietor of patent for CD-R technology.
  • Advised on position under Singapore law of non-literal copying of software and user interfaces for use as evidence in English court proceedings.
  • Negotiated on copyright and patent license fees on behalf of various educational institutions, performing arts groups and other businesses.
  • Advised a internet service provider on copyright issues relating to WAP games and ringtone downloads.
  • Advised on a media artiste's book publication agreement.
  • Advised a major international operator of service apartments in relation to various licensing and franchising issues.
  • Advised various clients on employment issues including enforcement of restrictive covenants, non-solicitation provisions and confidentiality obligations.
  • Advised a local media production company on broadcasting and licensing agreements relating to a reality television show.
  • Advised an Asian broadcaster on requirements for holding live variety shows in Singapore.
Technology Law

Kok Keng is regularly involved in complex technology litigation and arbitration proceedings, including acting for a multinational banking software company in a dispute with a foreign bank over a software implementation project, and advising the Government on a multi-million dollar dispute in connection with the implementation of a public sector-wide IT outsourcing project.   He has also advised various corporate clients on technology licensing, electronic commerce issues, domain name disputes, defamation over the Internet, electronic payments and contracts, and content regulation.

Some of his other more notable technology cases and transactions in this area include the following:

  • Represented a leading US software company in an arbitration claim against a reseller and distributor.
  • Represented a US multinational IT hardware supplier in an arbitration case against a HK supplier of semiconductor components.
  • Represented a Japanese multinational electronics company in an arbitration against a car accessories mall in relation to a dispute over the development of an e-commerce portal.
  • Advising a Swiss banking software and services provider in a claim against a Thai bank over an aborted IT project.
  • Represented a lottery company in a dispute with a Malaysian based software implementor relating to a SAP software integration implementation project.
  • Advised a pay television operator on cross carriage requirements and its effect on unlawful reception of television signals via illegal set-top boxes.
  • Advised a leading insurance company on disputes over a software implementation project.
  • Advised a social game developer on use of images of famous buildings and landmarks.
  • Advised a content aggregator on data privacy laws in Singapore.
  • Advised a fund manager on NIAC Revised Model Data Protection Code in Singapore.
  • Advised a television broadcaster on a dispute involving the lease of transmission technology and bandwidth.
  • Advised various clients on domain name registration (including multi-lingual domain names).
  • Advised various clients on actions against cybersquatters.
  • Advised a national healthcare cluster on a software implementation project involving the storage, retrieval and use of electronic medical records.
  • Advised a telecommunications FBO licensee on its various disputes with the incumbent relating to provision of network facilities, interconnection and anti-competition issues.
  • Advised an Applications Service Provider in relation to a dispute over a software development project.
Sports, Media & Entertainment

Lau Kok Keng heads up the Sports Law practice of Rajah & Tann Asia. He has worked with various domestic and international sports governing bodies and federations, football clubs, sports agencies, commercial rights holders, sponsors, television broadcasters, cable operators, sports associations, sports bookmakers, and sports and media personalities. Such work includes handling a broad spectrum of legal and regulatory issues arising from the hosting of multi-sport regional events  like the Beijing Olympics 2008, Asian Youth Games 2009, SEA Games 2015 and ASEAN Para Games 2015, and dealing with commercial licensing, sponsorship, broadcast and public viewing issues arising from single-sport international tournaments like the FIFA World Cup (multiple editions), the UEFA Euro Championships (multiple editions),  the Indonesian Soccer Championship, the IRB Sevens World Series and the International Champions Cup Singapore. 

His work also extends to advising sports bookmakers on various legal and regulatory aspects of sports betting. Uniquely, he helped establish the legal framework governing legalized sports betting in Singapore, first in 2002 for football betting, and subsequently in 2008 for betting on Formula One races. He has been the external legal counsel for Partner-in-Sports – Singapore Pools since 2001, and is also on the panel of legal advisors for the Singapore Totalisator Board.

Apart from being an arbitrator with the Court of Arbitration for Sports and a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, Kok Keng was on the Ad Hoc Panel of Arbitrators for the 29th South East Asian Games that took place in Kuala Lumpur in August 2017, having worked with the Olympic Council of Malaysia since 2015 on drafting the basic framework for a SEA Games Dispute Resolution Panel. This role is set to continue into the 2019 SEA Games in the Philippines . Kok Keng has sat on Committees of Inquiry and Player Status Committee of National Sports Associations, as well as on disciplinary panels of professional football clubs in Singapore. He has also appeared as Counsel on behalf of a professional football club in hearings before the judicial bodies of the Football Associaton of Singapore and FIFA involving the club's officials and players. He regularly conducts workshops on sports arbitration for the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators Singapore Branch and the Asian International Arbitration Centre (formerly known as Kuala Lumpur Regional Arbitration Centre) in Malaysia. From 2012 to 2015, he served as Vice-Chairman of Geylang International Football Club – a professional football club playing in Singapore's S-League, and handled all of the club's legal and regulatory matters.

Some of Kok Keng's notable work in the area of sports law include the following:

  • Represented an Asian Games 2018 medal winning athlete in securing a withdrawal of an anti-doping violation notice after a successful application for a Retroactive Therapeutic Use Exemption, thus allowing the athlete to avoid medal-stripping, disciplinary proceedings and adverse media publicity.
  • Advising a National Olympic Council on an ongoing investigation into an incident which occurred during the 2015 SEA Games Marathon event.
  • Advised a national sports federation on show cause proceedings against its former President arising from findings of the Ethics Committee of the world governing body for that sport which found the former President guilty of charges of vote buying in respect of the Presidential elections for the world governing body.
  • Advised a government agency on the funding and sponsorship of a football tournament in Singapore involving top European football clubs.
  • Advised a leading international sports rights agency on its commercial rights licensing arrangements with a national football federation.
  • Advised the owner of the commercial rights in the Indonesian Soccer Championship on a title sponsorship agreement.
  • Advised an Asian party on its proposed investment in a new professional football franchise.
  • Advised an Asian party on its discussions with a leading European club to secure a franchise for hotel and F&B operations in Asia.
  • Represented a global rights management and licensing agency in a claim against a licensee of rights associated with a famous footballer as used in the operation of sports-themed cafes and merchandise.
  • Advised on grants to a national sports federation to set up a commercial vehicle for the management and operation of a training facility.
  • Advised a government sports agency on an agreement for the provision of anti-doping support services.
  • Advised a government sports agency on a sports science research collaboration with an isotonic drinks manufacturer.
  • Advised an Asian professional golf tour on a strategic alliance with a European professional golf tour.
  • Advised a national sports federation on disputes between members over constitutional issues.
  • Advised Executive Council members of a national sports federation on defamation issues arising from publication of general meeting documents.
  • Advised a Japanese financial services provider on sponsorship of television broadcasts of World Cup Qualifying Rounds matches.
  • Advised a pay-television operator on commercial and IP infringement issues arising from the use of set top boxes to receive cross carriage signals of sports broadcasts.
  • Advised a regional football governing body on its long term commercial rights agreement.
  • Advised a regional football governing body on a broadcasting licence agreement with a leading Arabic broadcaster.
  • Successfully represented a bodybuilder in overturning a doping ban on the basis of non-compliance with doping control procedures and the IFBB Anti-Doping Rules.
  • Advised a leading English Premier League and Champions League winning club with extensive commercial operations and one of the largest fan bases in the Far East to advise on legal issues arising in various jurisdictions in South East and North East Asia.
  • Advised state and private online sports bookmakers on legal and regulatory issues.
  • Advised television broadcasters in connection with the use of live footages of sports events.
  • Advised a national football association on a team kit sponsorship contract.
  • Advised on the sponsorship of the national badminton team by a Chinese equipment manufacturer.
  • Advised on the sponsorship of Team Singapore athletes by a leading Japanese electronics equipment manufacturer.
  • Advised sports facilities owners and operators on liability for mishaps occurring at sports venues.
  • Advised a government agency on various sports-related funding initiatives and schemes, including funding of electronic scoreboard at a football stadium, scholarships for students of a Sports Institute, television coverage and production of S.League matches, and financial support of the Formula One race in Singapore.
  • Advised an SLeague professional football club on various club and apparel sponsorships with third parties.
  • Advised a sports equipment manufacturer on title sponsorship of a World Badminton series.
  • Advised a leading global sports apparel manufacturer on athlete sponsorships.
  • Advised a local and a foreign sports lottery operator on copyright and database rights in football fixture lists.
  • Advised a national television broadcaster on the use of television footage of live broadcasts of sports events in news bulletins.
  • Advised a sports television broadcaster on policies and guidelines for its television presenters, producers and technical crew.

Kok Keng recently authored a new chapter on "Sports Arbitration" in the book "Arbitration in Singapore – A Practical Guide (2nd Edition, Sweet & Maxwell Asia)" which was published in September 2018. He also co-authored the Singapore Chapter of Sports Law Review (3rd Edition, 2017). Kok Keng is very familiar with the dispute resolution processes and mechanism deployed in sports, drawing from his experiences in handling cases as a sports arbitrator and member of various panels hearing sports related disputes and cases.  

Kok Keng's experience in the sports industry extends beyond legal practice. He has actual, hands-on experience in the sports industry, having served in the following capacities, amongst others:

  • Vice-Chairman of Geylang International Football Club (2012-2015)
  • Honorary Secretary to the Football Association of Singapore's Captain's Advisory Panel (2009-2011)
  • Member of the National Football Task Force (appointed by SportSG) that was formed to look into raising the standards of excellence for Singapore football (2013)
  • Member of the Vision 2030 "Spirit of Singapore" Sub-Committee formed by the Government to use football as the vehicle for community bonding (2011-2012)
  • Honorary Secretary to the Steering Committee for the Singapore 9s Masters Football Tournament (2009-2011)
  • President of the St Michael's Soccer Academy (2009-2010)
  • Member of the Committee of Inquiry set up to determine circumstances that led to the administrative lapse which prevented the use of swimming caps by the Singapore contingent at the 2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games (2014)

In 2011, Kok Keng co-founded the Legion of Lions, a voluntary movement formed to raise the level of public awareness and interest in Singapore football, and to promote football related welfare programmes and community causes. In June 2012, the Legion of Lions co-published with The New Paper the "50 Greatest Moments in Singapore Football" book – the first of its kind for any sport in Singapore - which served as a vehicle for a Government-supported nationwide School Outreach Programme for aspiring young footballers. Proceeds from the sales of the book were set aside and donated to charitable and other good causes related to football.

Gaming Law

Since 2002, Kok Keng has been actively involved in representing and advising clients in the gambling industry. His practice is arguably the most experienced and extensive gambling law practice in Singapore and in the region. Kok Keng is a member of the International Masters in Gaming Law, an association of the world's top gaming attorneys, regulators, compliance officers and gaming professionals with strict "by invitation only" membership criteria. Kok Keng is one of only 2 Singapore lawyers who are members of this association.

Kok Keng's team has, through their work with clients in the gambling industry, acquired a good practical understanding of various lottery, gaming and betting operations and products, and is able to apply that domain knowledge to the work products that are generated.

Kok Keng has advised on the legal and regulatory aspects of product conception, product development, devising of game rules, setting up of betting accounts and e-payment procedures, product launch, product distribution (including regulatory restrictions on retail outlet operations), prize claims and disputes over prize entitlements. He has also rendered legal support work such as the vetting of IT contracts, distributorship and supplier contracts, intellectual property issues, online banking issues, tax issues, consultancy contracts, sponsorship contracts and dispute resolution.

In addition, Kok Keng works with foreign and offshore private gaming operators, including a UK based casino, a Malaysian casino, a cruise ship casino and international gaming operators who offer online casinos, lotteries and sports betting products. He has helped companies desiring to enter the gaming industry undertake due diligence, feasibility studies, regulatory analysis, enlisting back-end and front-line operational support, dealing with contractual relationships with gaming vendors, and preparing/vetting supplier contracts.

Uniquely, he helped establish the legal framework governing legalized sports betting in Singapore. In 2002, he advised Singapore Pools on the implementation of a legalized betting system for the FIFA World Cup 2002 matches. This was the first time Singapore had allowed legalized betting on foreign football matches. Following from this, he helped set up the legal infrastructure for betting on foreign football leagues (starting with the English Premier League and then gradually extending to the Italian, Spanish, German and all other professional football leagues around the world), and international competitions like the UEFA Championships and Copa America, and international friendly matches. This involved drafting the exemptions under the Betting Act, advising on intellectual property issues relating to use of fixture lists, statistics and 3rd party commercial rights, drafting rules for participation in betting, review prize structures and claim procedures, reviewing regulatory compliance issues, advising on rollout implementation issues, and reviewing game rules for each bet type on offer.

Subsequently, he and his team were involved in setting up the legal infrastructure relating to account betting. This involved negotiating with banks and payment service providers for facilitating betting through accounts created with the bookmaker and linked to the customer's nominated bank accounts, drafting terms and conditions for account betting, and resolving transactional matters, including live betting and prize claim issues.

In 2008, when Singapore hosted the first Formula 1 night race, he helped set up the legal infrastructure for betting on Formula 1 races. This extended beyond the Singapore Grand Prix to all races on the F1 Circuit.

He has advised clients on the provision of gaming services over multiple platforms including over the internet and through mobile phones. In addition, he has crafted betting data centre agreements, mobile betting payment fulfilment contracts, and advised on gaming and sports betting advertising regulations for various Asia Pacific jurisdictions.

He has also drafted and negotiated commercial agreements with vendors and suppliers of hardware and software used in the operations of sports betting, and with partners who collaborate with the bookmaker on sports events where bets are offered. In addition, he has advised the directors and shareholders of a Singapore casino licensee on compliance with the reporting and disclosure obligations of its licence, advised clubs on jackpot machine licensing, worked with various interested bidders in relation to the Singapore Integrated Resorts tender for the Marina Bay and Sentosa sites, and advised a gambler who had lost a significant sum of money through gambling at one of the two Integrated Resorts in Singapore of his recourse against the casino for failing in its duties under the Code of Practice for Responsible Gambling.

In recent times, he has been advising various offshore internet gambling operators, agents and support services providers such as software developers, gaming researchers and odds-setters on the effect of the newly introduced Remote Gambling Act 2014 of Singapore.

Some of Kok Keng's other notable work in the area of gambling law include the following:

  • Advised a regional lottery association on contractual and constitutional issues.
  • Advised a foreign horse racing operator on simulcasting and commingling of horse races.
  • Advised a foreign betting operator on commingling of bets with operators in other jurisdictions.
  • Advised on the drafting legislative exemptions for legalised betting and gaming.
  • Advised a lottery operator on its gaming rules.
  • Advised on setting up of offshore gaming operations.
  • Advised an Asian land-based casino group on proposed online gaming operations in various Asian jurisdictions.
  • Advised a Taiwanese law firm in a bid presentation to the Taiwan Tourism Bureau in connection with the development of integrated resort casinos on Matsu Island.
  • Assisted a junket operator in applying for an International Marketing Agent licence in Singapore.
  • Assisted an equipment supplier in obtaining regulatory clearance to provide maintenance services to a casino in Singapore.
  • Advised a Japanese pachinko operator on legal and regulatory issues in pachinko and slot machine operations.
  • Advised a customer of a foreign casino on enforceability of gaming debt in Singapore.
  • Advised a bank on gaming issues arising from in-house sweepstakes and contests.
  • Advised a leading internet betting exchange on operations in Asia.
  • Advised an online direct marketing channel offering sweepstake prizes on laws regulating gaming, data transfer and use of consumer data obtained in Singapore.
  • Advised a lottery operation on legal and regulatory issues relating to sports betting, gaming rules and acquisitions of foreign online sports betting operations.
  • Advised a lottery operator on drafting of various rules for lottery and betting products.
  • Advised offshore online gaming companies on laws governing marketing and sponsorship activities.
  • Advised a racing and number forecasts operator on the supply of gaming technology products and services by a leading lottery and gaming technology solutions provider.
  • Negotiated telebetting deal with various banks on behalf of a sports betting bookmaker.
  • Advised a state operator on the implementation of responsible gaming policies and know-your-customer principles in compliance with anti-money laundering policies.
  • Negotiated various IT procurement contracts on behalf of a gaming operator.
  • Advised on the applicability of gaming laws and regulations governing offshore gaming operations.
  • Structuring legal documentation and terms of participation for on-line betting, on-line casino and on-line betting exchange services.
  • Structuring revenue sharing arrangements for online gaming services.
  • Advised on legal infrastructure for data centre services pertaining to on-line gaming.
  • Advised a UK listed online gaming operator on organising a poker tournament in Singapore.
  • Advised on acquisition and protection of gaming-related patents, trade marks and copyright.
  • Advised on use of third party intellectual property in sports betting.
  • Advised on incorporation issues and shareholder issues in international gaming ventures and related regulatory concerns.
  • Advised on gaming licence application processes in overseas jurisdictions such as Gibraltar, Vanuatu, Aldernay, Malta, Antigua/Barbuda, Kahnawake (Canada) and the Philippines.
  • Advised on acquisitions of and joint ventures with foreign lottery and betting operations.
  • Advised on licensing and regulatory compliance issues under the Casino Control Act.
  • Preparing legal documentation relating to account betting.
  • Advised a lottery operator on enforcement action against spoof websites and domain name squatters.
  • Advised on remote live betting services including provision of gaming services via IPTV.
  • Advised on the offering of internet raffles and skilled gaming in Singapore and Malaysia.
  • Advised a foreign financial institution in relation to online investment marketing games offered to financial intermediaries in Singapore.
  • Advised on the publication of gambling information and advertisements of gaming operators in magazines offered for sale in Singapore.
  • Advised online payment service providers on Singapore law requirements.
  • Advised a social club on jackpot machine licensing.
  • Advised various interested bidders in relation to the Integrated Resorts tender for the Marina Bay and Sentosa sites.
  • Advised on laws governing marketing and sponsorship activities by foreign online bookmakers and gaming operators.
  • Advised an IT solutions provider on casino equipment licence application, post-licensing obligations and compliance requirements.
  • Advised a multinational bank on the legality of conducting a lucky draw.
  • Advised an operator on the legality of video/live streaming from UK/Europe into the PRC.
  • Advised a multinational consultancy services firm on Legal Issues arising from the engaging in casino junket business In Singapore.
  • Advised lottery operator on the hosting of regional and global gaming conferences.
  • Advised a casino patron on a claim by Burswood casino for losses incurred at the casino.
  • Advised on implementation of remote gambling services in the region.
  • Advised on licensing arrangements for new casino operations in Vietnam.
  • Advised on regulatory restrictions on advertising and promotion of foreign casinos to Singapore market.
  • Advised on removal of cybersquatters of domain name resembling lottery operator.
  • Advised on simulcasting and commingling of horse races.
  • Advised various software development firms, operators and intermediaries on the Remote Gambling Act 2014.
  • Advised an operator on a claim on a winning lottery ticket that had been mistakenly issued.
  • Advised an individual on the remittance of earnings from online gaming businesses.
  • Advised a software solutions provider on the legality of providing aggregated betting odds and real-time statistics to gaming operators.
  • Preparing terms and conditions of a  Baccarat Tournament for an Asian casino.
  • Advised a master licensee of a leading casino gaming software provider on its sub-licensing transactions in Asia.
  • Advised an international gaming company on the establishment of a business presence in Singapore and the conduct of business in Singapore.
  • Advised various clients on various legal and regulatory issues arising under the Organised Crime Act 2015.
  • Advised various operators and service providers on implementation of remote gambling services in the region.
  • Advised an international casino chain on software and IP licensing arrangements for new casino operations in Vietnam.
  • Advised a leading Macau casino on regulatory restrictions on advertising and promotion of foreign casinos  to Singapore residents.
  • Advised a lottery operator and sports bookmaker on domain name disputes and enforcement action against cybersquatters.
  • Advised a lottery operator on issues arising from the hosting of a global lottery conference in Singapore.
  • Advised a lottery operator on a dispute over a claim on a winning ticket.
  • Retained by Casino Regulatory Authority and Singapore Totalisator Board as legal advisor.
  • Advising the officers of a Singapore casino licensee on continuing disclosure requirements.
Arbitration (current and recent)
  • Appointed as Arbitrator in a Court of Arbitration for Sport arbitration appeal between an Asian professional football player and a Chinese professional football club.
  • Representing a US business software company in an SIAC arbitration against a Singapore reseller and its Malaysian subsidiary in a claim for breach of contract and copyright infringement.
  • Represented a Singapore government linked company in SIAC arbitration proceedings against a US company over disputed ownership of intellectual property rights in research and development.
  • Represented a Japanese semiconductor manufacturer in an SIAC arbitration against a Korean multinational electronics company in a dispute over a patent licence.
  • Represented a Swiss banking software company in ICC arbitration proceedings against an Islamic Bank over a software implementation project.
  • Represented a US multinational IT hardware supplier in an SIAC arbitration case against a HK supplier of semiconductor components.
  • Represented a Japanese multinational electronics company in an ICC arbitration against a car accessories mall in relation to a dispute over the development of an e-commerce portal.
Reported Judgments
  • [2015] SGHC 159 - Ship's Equipment Centre Bremen GmbH v Fuji Trading (Singapore) Pte Ltd and others and another suit
  • [2012] John Berchmans v Singapore Pools (High Court, unreported)
  • [2010] SGCA 36 - MFM Restaurants Pte Ltd v Fish & Co Restaurants Pte Ltd
  • [2009] 2 SLR(R) 814 - Wing Joo Loong Ginseng Hong (Singapore) Co Pte Ltd v Qinghai Xinyuan Foreign Trade Co Ltd and another and another appeal
  • [2006] 1 SLR(R) 510 - Re Platts-Mills Mark Fortescue QC
  • [2008] 3 SLR(R) 296 - Wing Joo Loong Ginseng Hong (Singapore) Co Pte Ltd v Qinghai Xinyuan Foreign Trade Co Ltd and another
  • [2008] 3 SLR(R) 18 - Odex Pte Ltd v Pacific Internet Ltd
  • [2005] 3 SLR(R) 91 - Megastar Entertainment Pte Ltd and another v Odex Pte Ltd
  • [2003] SGMC 30 - Public Prosecutor v Tan Yan Tong
  • [1996] 3 SLR(R) 760 - Brown Noel Trading Pte Ltd v Donald & McArthy Pte Ltd
  • [1992] 1 SLR(R) 595 - Re Singh Kalpanath
  • [1996] 1 SLR(R) 809 - Sintra Merchants Pte Ltd v Brown Noel Trading Pte Ltd (Donald & McArthy Pte Ltd, third party)
  • [1998] 1 SLR(R) 713 - Jet Aviation (Singapore) Pte Ltd v Jet Maintenance Pte Ltd
  • [1997] SGHC 281 - Tan Kee & Ors v The Titular Roman Catholic Archbishop of Singapore
  • [1994] 3 SLR(R) 787 - Management Corporation Strata Title Plan No 1272 v Ocean Front Pte Ltd (Ssangyong Engineering and Construction Co Ltd and others, third parties)
  • [1995] 3 SLR(R) 653 - RSP Architects Planners & Engineers v Ocean Front Pte Ltd and another appeal
  • [1991] 1 SLR(R) 246 - Yomeishu Seizo Co Ltd and another v Sinma Medical Products (S) Pte Ltd
Memberships / Directorships
  • Member, Singapore Copyright Tribunal
  • Member, International Trademark Association
  • Member, Asian Patent Attorneys Association (Singapore Representative on Anti-Counterfeiting Committee)
  • Member of the International Masters in Gaming Law
  • Arbitrator, Court of Arbitration for Sport
  • Member, National Football Task Force
  • Vice-Chairman, Geylang International Football Club
A. Books
  • Singapore Chapter in 'Getting The Deal Through – E-Commerce in 21 Jurisdictions Worldwide (2003)'
  • Co-wrote Lexis-Nexis book on 'A Comparative Study of the Patent Laws of Singapore, the United States, the European Patent Office, Japan and Australia'
  • Contributor of chapter on "Managing Intellectual Property Issues In E-Commerce" in the book Hamzah, Zaid, "Intellectual Property Law & Strategy", Sweet & Maxwell, 2006
  • Contributor of Chapter 17 Intellectual Property of Sweet & Maxwell's Singapore Precedents of Pleadings (2016)
  • Intellectual Property Chapter in Chio Lim Stone Forest's Doing Business in Singapore Guide 2016
  • Gambling Law & Practice in Singapore (in progress)
  • International Comparative Legal Guide to Gambling 2016
  • Lex Mundi Global Gaming Guide 2017
B. Articles
  • 'Legal Crossroads: Towards A Singaporean Jurisprudence' (1987) 8 Sing LR 1, reprinted in (1988) Australian Law Students Journal 1
  • 'Legal Problems Arising From International Broadcasting and Communications: A Technological Dilemma' (1988) 9 Sing LR 148
  • 'Local Company Fails to Stop Trader from Using Identical Name Casenote on Jet Aviation (Singapore) Pte Ltd v Jet Maintenance Pte Ltd' May 1998 Volume 11, No. 4 IPAsia
  • 'New Legislation Combats Software Piracy' August 1998 Volume 11, No. 6 IP Asia
  • 'Famous Personalities Sue for Unauthorised Use of Photos in Ads' October 1998 Volume 11, No. 8 IP Asia
  • 'New Law Protects IC Layout Designs' April 1999 Volume 12, No. 3 IP Asia
  • 'The Year 2000 & Millennium Compliance' October 1999 issue of The ALUMNUS
  • 'Legal Issues At The Infancy Stage of a Dot Com Company' October 2000 issue of the Singapore Law Gazette
  • 'In The Name Of Gaming: Taking A Chance On The Law' February 2005 issue of the Singapore Law Gazette
  • Various articles in Computer Times and INFOTECH, IT Supplement of TODAY
  • 'Entertainment and Gambling: A Changing Landscape' (2006) Sep SLG 15
  • 'Legal Issues Arising from Hosting and Organising Major Sporting Events' (2009) September SLG 16
  • "Sports Betting in Singapore" – Inter Se Jan-Jun 2010 and The International Sports Law Journal 2010/1-2
  • Passing Off of Well Known Trade Marks – Case Note on Novelty Pte Ltd v Amanresorts Ltd and anor [2009] SGCA 13 –2010 (Vol 22) March Singapore Academy of Law Journal 426
  • Of Tweets and Tubes: A Look At Social Media Usage and Its Legal Consequences (2011) June SLG
  • '".xxx" domain – why registered trade mark owners should take note', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, 12 August 2011
  • 'Singapore's tax incentives for intellectual property rights explained', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, 2 April 2012
  • 'The Scratchit! case: examining the importance of pleading the correct cause of action', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, 20 April 2012
  • 'Proposed shift to "positive grant" patent system under Patents (Amendment) Bill 2012', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, 22 May 2012
  • 'Changes to Patents Act and other IP-related acts passed', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, 27 July 2012
  • 'Casino Control (Amendment) Bill', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, 22 November 2012
  • 'Key changes to the patent prosecution & registration regime in Singapore in 2013', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, 25 February 2013
  • 'The Singapore Government's Intellectual Property Hub Master Plan', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, April 2013
  • 'Pre-action Interrogatories And Discovery - Solving A Whodunit In The World Of Sports', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, April 2013
  • 'IP Asset Securitization – A New Financing Model For Companies', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, August 2013
  • 'Introduction To The Intellectual Property Court Guide', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, September 2013
  • 'Premium Player And Period Of Play Examined By High Court', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, September 2013
  • 'Proposed Amendments to the Casino Control Act', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, November 2013
  • 'Singapore's Need To Review Its Gambling Legislation', World Online Gambling Law Report, November 2013
  • 'Proposed Amendments to IP Legislation to Allow Beneficial Ownership to be Recorded in IP Registers', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, November 2013
  • 'The Big Shift – Singapore's Move To A Positive Grant System Kicks In From 14 February 2014', Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, December 2013
  • "EnDorsey-ing Exposures: An update on the appeal decision in World Sport Group Pte Ltd v Dorsey James Michael", Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, February 2014
  • What's in a (Stadium) Name?" 2014 (March) SLG
  • "Amendments to Copyright Act 2014 – A Block-buster In The Making?" Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, July 2014
  • "An Enhanced Regime for the Protection of Geographical Indications in Singapore" 2014 (July) SLG
  • "New Legal Framework To Regulate Remote Gambling In Singapore" Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, September 2014
  • "The Regulation of International Market Agents in Singapore", European Gaming Lawyer, Autumn Issue 2014, pp32-35
  • "Ad Hoc Exemptions Under Remote Gambling Act Introduced" Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP, March 2015
  • "You Can Run, But You Can’t Hide: The Organised Crime Act 2015 and Its Impact on Remote Gambling Operations and Intellectual Property Piracy" Law Update, Rajah & Tann LLP August 2015
  • "The Trans-Pacific Partnership and Intellectual Property: Potential Changes in Singapore, Malaysia and Vietnam" Law Update, Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP, April 2016
  • "Updated Patent Registry Guidelines: Criteria for Allowing Post-Grant Amendments in Light of Recent Singapore Cases " Law Update, Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP, July 2016